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La Paz

La Paz

La Paz

Ceja de El Alto

Titicaca Lake


Bolivia Bolivia - Country Profile

Geography: (Map of Bolivia - Bolivia central) Size: 1 098 581 km2. The west in the upland of the Andes (highest peak Ancohuma 6920 alt.) with the plateau Altiplano (3500 alt.), lowland in the east (Chaco Boreal and 'Yunga' at the slope of the Andes), no acces to the Pacific.

Natural Resources: gas, oil, tin, silver, gold, copper, antimony, lead, wolframite, nickel, selenium.

Political Partition: Capital: nominal: Sucre (2694 alt.), since 1898 seat of government La Paz (3690 alt.); Provinces: Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Pano, Potosi, Santa Cruz, Tarija.

Agriculture: scanty cultivation in the Andes: potatoes, barley, wheat, corn and cattle-breeding (Lama); in the tropical lowland: cocoa, sugar-cane, tobacco, cotton, coca, caoutchouc, Peruvian bark.

Population: (2000) 7,958 million, indigenous about 50%.

History: 1538 conquest by Spanish troops. Independence together with Peru in 1825 with Sucre (President 1825-28) and Simon Bolivar (Protector). 1827 separated from Peru. After the war on salpeter with Chile and Peru 1879-84 loss of the Pacific coast (Tarapaca). 1903 renunciation to Acre in favour of Brasil. Some wars with Paraguay on the Gran Chaco jungle. 1971-78 military dictatorship with Hugo Banzer. Recent Presidents: Hugo Banzer (1997-2001) Jorge Quiroga Ramírez (2001/02), "Goni" Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada (2002-03), Carlos Mesa (since October 2003)

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